Parma, end of the XVth Century - 1538
According to P. A. Orlandi (1704) Gandini was a pupil of Correggio. Perhaps for this reason in 1535 he was commissioned the frescoes on the vault of the choir and the apse of the Cathedral of Parma, which were left unfinished after the death of Correggio. However Gandini, for his premature death (1538), failed to carry out this work, but he just realized the preparatory drawings and the sketches. After his death the frescoes were assigned to Girolamo Mazzola Bedoli, who finished them in the following year. Currently there are not many paintings and drawings attributed to the Gandini. These works present us the artist as an original and talented painter, influenced by Correggio and by Mannerism.
Leiden 1494 - 1533
As his name implies, Lucas van Leyden was born in Leyden. There is some controversy over the date of his birth. Carel van Mander in Het Schilder Boek of 1604 says that Lucas was born in 1494 and thus his earliest dated engraving, Mohammed and the Monk Sergius, 1508, is the work of a fourteen year old prodigy. Several scholars believe, today, that it is more likely that he was born around 1489; but there is no confirming documentary evidence for either date. Lucas is mentioned in 1514 in the register of the civil guard in Leyden, and in 1515 and 1519 his name is listed among the crossbowmen of that city. Sometime around 1515 he married the daughter of a Leiden magistrate. Albrecht Dürer`s diary entry and his silverpoint drawing of Lucas (Musée Wicar, Lille) confirm that the two artists met each other in Antwerp in 1521. Lucas van Leyden was among the first Dutch exponents of genre painting and is generally regarded as a very accomplished engraver, possibly the most important engraver of the Renaissance in the Netherlands.He learned the basic techniques of painting from his father and from Cornelis Engelbrechtsz: but we do not know where he learnt engraving. Surely, he took advantage of the works of Marcantonio Raimondi, whose motifs are reworked in Lucas` engravings and paintings, and became highly skilled in that art.