Signed: Ikkaisai Yoshitoshi ga
Publisher: Dai-Kin (Daikokuya Kinnosuke)
Series: One hundred ghost stories of China and Japan
Wakan hyaku monogatari
Very good impression, with burnished black. Very good colour, in very good condition.
This is the first series designed by Yoshitoshi to illustrate ghost stories, two decades before the celebrated series New forms of thirty-six ghosts.
This print depicts the final part of the Japanese folk story of the tongue cut sparrow, when the old greedy woman opens the basket which she chose to find it full of monsters instead of riches.
Another impression of the print is at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (accession number 11.37644).
Chris Uhlenbeck, Amy Reigle Newland, Yoshitoshi, Masterpieces from the Ed Freis collection, Leiden & Boston, 2011; cat. no 39, p. 79, illustrated in colour.
Yoshitoshi was one of the last great masters, and one of the great innovative and creative geniuses of the Japanese woodblock print. At the age of eleven, he was enrolled as a student of the school of Kuniyoshi. His early work is full of extremely graphic violence and death, perhaps mirroring the lawlessness and violence of Japan around him, which was simultaneously going through the breakdown of the feudal system imposed by the Tokugawa shoguns, as well as the impact of the West. By 1871, Yoshitoshi became severely depressed. Unable to work, he hardly produced any prints for two years. In 1873 he recovered from his depression and changed his name to Taiso, which means great resurrection. In 1882 he was employed by a newspaper. This gave him a steady income and marked the end of years of poverty. His last years were among his most productive, not only in terms of quantity, but also in terms of artistic quality. In 1885 the first designs of One Hundred Aspects of the Moon were published. This series was extremely popular. In 1888 the series 32 Aspects of Customs and Manners was published, a series of women's prints. In 1889 a new series with ghost subjects came on the market: New Form of 36 Ghosts. The symptoms of mental illness became more and more frequent. Nevertheless Yoshitoshi continued to work. He died in 1892 from a cerebral hemorrhage at the age of 53.